Los verbos -ir

Remember that all verbs in Spanish either end in -ar-er, or -ir?  In lesson 1.4K, you learned about verbs that end in -ar, and in lesson 1.4L you learned about verbs that end in -er. In this lesson, you'll learn about verbs that end in -ir.  Two common verbs that end in -ir are vivir and escribir, which mean to live and write.  

Remember that to use verbs in Spanish, you usually take off the -ir (or -ar or -er) ending, and replace it with a special ending to indicate who's doing the action.  This is called conjugating, or matching, the verb to the subject noun (the person, place or thing doing the action).

verb - ir  + new ending

1. Take off the -ir ending.
2. Add one of these 6 endings: o, es, e, imos, ís, en.


Notice that 4 out of the 6 endings are the same in -ir and -er verbs. The only 2 that are different are the 4th and 5th (nosotros and vosotros forms). 

Watch the video on common -ir verbs and the 6 -ir verb endings.

Quiz yourself on -ir verb conjugations.

Common -ir verbs:     
 to open
 to abolish
 to bore
 to applaud
 to attend
 asistir (a)
 to assume
 to confuse
 to consume
 to cover
 to complete
 to decide
 to define
 to discover
 to discuss
 to divide
 to write
 to exist
 to print
 to interrupt
 to occur
 to omit
 to leave
 to permit, allow
 to persuade
 to prohibit
 to rot
 to polish
 to receive
 to shake, to shake out
 to go up, to get into (a vehicle)
 to suffer
 to unite
 to live