Gramática: pronombres HW

The subject noun of a sentence is the person, place or thing who does the action in a sentence.  In English, you'll usually find the subject noun at or near the beginning of the sentence.


Lisa takes her hat.
Mark wears sneakers.
Lisa and Mark walk to the park.

A subject pronoun is a substitute word for the subject noun.


She takes her hat.
He wears sneakers.
They walk to the park.
There are 7 subject pronouns in English: I, you, he, she, it, we, they.

There are 12 subject pronouns in Spanish, and there is no subject pronoun for it.  

List of Subject Pronouns

I = yo

you = tú 
you sir, you ma'am = usted

he = él
she = ella

we = nosotros 
we (all women) = nosotras

you-all = vosotros
you-all (all women) = vosotras
you sirs, you ladies = ustedes

they = ellos
they (all women) = ellas

Now let's review.

Singular pronouns (one person)

English  Spanish 
 I yo 
 you (casual)
you (polite)  usted
 he él 
 she ella

Plural pronouns (2 or more people)
English  Spanish 
 we nosotros
 we (all girls)  nosotras
 y'all (casual) vosotros
 y'all (casual, all girls) vosotras 
 y'all (polite) ustedes 
 they  ellos
 they  ellas

Now you can use the pronouns in a sentence.

For example, to say that the person or the group is eating, say:

English  Spanish  or ... 
 I eat yo como  como
 you (casual) eat tú comes  comes
you (polite) eat usted come  come
 he eats él come  come
 she eats ella come  come
 we eat nosotros(as) comemos  comemos
 y'all (casual) eat vosotros(as) coméis  coméis
 y'all (polite) eat ustedes comen  comen
 they eat  ellos(as) comen  comen

To say that the person or the group is drinking something, say:

English  Spanish  or ... 
 I drink yo bebo  bebo
 you (casual) drink tú bebes  bebes
you (polite) drink usted bebe  bebe
 he drinks él bebe  bebe
 she drinks ella bebe  bebe
 we drink nosotros(as) bebemos  bebemos
 y'all (casual) drink vosotros(as) bebéis  bebéis
 y'all (polite) drink ustedes beben  beben
 they drink  ellos(as) beben  beben

You can see who drinks what where and when in the video below:

You can watch an instructional video on pronouns here:

  • The use of subject pronouns is optional.
  • The subject pronouns are:
             1 person:                  yo (I) 
                                              túusted (you) 
                                              él (he) 
                                              ella (she) 
             2 or more people:     nosotrosnosotras (we)
                                              vosotros, vosotrasustedes (you-all) 
                                              ellosellas (they)
  • There are 2 words for you and 3 words for you-all:
           The informal you = and the formal you = usted
             The informal you-all = vosotrosvosotras and the formal you-all = ustedes

  • Use the feminine plural pronouns nosotras, vosotras, ellas if everyone in the group is female. If not, use the masculine - nosotrosvosotrosellos.